What do ecologists do?

What do ecologists do?

The main focus of ecological services is to protect and/or restore our natural environment. Ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms and between those organisms and their natural environment. Ecological consultants study and provide guidance to the interactions between the built environment (components influenced by humans) and the natural environment (all living and non-living things occurring naturally on the Earth). 

The work of ecologists is extremely important. Any whole organisms (plants, animals or fish) and the natural environment supporting them involves ecology. Whether ecologists investigate urban, suburban, rural, forest, desert, farm, fresh water, estuarine, or marine environments, they help us understand connections between these organisms and their environment.

Ecologists perform research and field studies to asses environmental concerns. For example, ecologists consider how human activity (e.g. a construction project) will affect the environment. They determine how an activity would affect individual species of trees, plants, fish and wildlife, as well as how the change would affect the ecosystem as a whole. The information is used by project owners, state and federal government regulators, local environmental organizations, and other stakeholders to utilize the best approach for the project.


  • Solve environmental problems
  • Give advice to local, state and federal policy makers
  • Conduct research outdoors and in laboratories
  • Help manage natural resources