What do ecologists do?

What do ecologists do?

The core focus of ecological services is to protect and/or restore our natural environment. Ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms and between those organisms and their natural environment. Ecological consultants study and provide guidance to the interactions between the built environment (components influenced by humans) and the natural environment (all living and non-living things occurring naturally on the Earth). 

The work of ecologists is extremely important. Anything that involves whole organisms (plants, animals or fish) and the natural environment that supports them involves ecology. Whether they investigate urban, suburban, rural, forest, desert, farm, fresh water, estuarine, or marine environments, ecologists help us understand the connections between these organisms and their environment.

Ecologists perform research and field studies to asses concerns for the environment. For example, ecologists consider how any human activity (e.g. a construction project) will affect the environment. Ecologists determine how an activity would affect individual species of trees, plants, fish and wildlife, as well as how the change would affect the ecosystem as a whole. The information gathered is used by project owners, state and federal government regulators, local environmental organizations, and other stakeholders to decide the best approach for the project.


  • Solve environmental problems;
  • Give advice to local, state and federal policy makers; 
  • Conduct research outdoors and in laboratories; and
  • Help manage natural resources.