GIS, Statistics, and Modeling

Analysis, Robust Data Management and State of the Art Analytics

Kleinschmidt has provided Modeling and geographic information system (GIS) services for more than 150 projects throughout the United States and Canada. Our integration of modelers and GIS specialists provides an exceptional capability for solving problems and communicating results. From the creation of a simple figure to a set of complex analyses on multiple variables, GIS allows complex tasks to be completed efficiently with dramatic results.

Kleinschmidt has also provided robust analysis and interpretation of temporal and spatial data related to water resources and engineering for hundreds of projects throughout the US and Canada. Our integration of statisticians, data scientists, modelers, and GIS specialists is unparalleled in the industry and is uniquely qualified for and exceptionally capable of designing solutions to quantitative challenges from the simple to the deeply complex. Our team strategically and efficiently uses the most up-to-date technology appropriate for your project objectives.

What is GIS? Explore >

Hydrologic and Hydraulic (H&H) Modeling

Our hydrologic engineering experience includes developing new site-specific probable maximum flood (PMF) values and analyzing existing PMF conditions for dozens of projects throughout North America. We routinely revise flood frequency estimates for sites and apply hypothetical rainfall distributions in our hydrologic models. Our hydraulic engineers regularly perform hydraulic modeling and dam breach analyses to determine Inflow Design Flood (IDF) levels and hazard classifications. Our staff has completed hundreds of emergency action plans, dam breach studies, and inundation mapping projects.

By combining hydrologic models and hydraulic modeling, we help clients understand how the amount of runoff that enters rivers impacts their specific site locations. The results of the combined hydrologic and hydraulic models allow engineers to relay how the changes could impact operating procedures, generation capacity, or compliance adherence.

Our hydraulic modelers use software programs such as HEC-RAS, SRH2D, FLOW-3D, HEC-HMS, HEC-ResSim, HEC-SSP, HEC-DSSVue, HEC-LifeSim, PHABSIM, and our own software McBreach.

Learn more about McBreach Software

Hydrologic and Hydraulic (H&H) Modeling Services Include:
  • Flood Flow Analysis
  • Watershed Analysis & Planning
  • Hydrologic Analysis
  • Hydrologic Modeling & Simulations
  • Sediment Transport
  • Stream Channel Modeling
  • Flood Forecasting
  • Reservoir Operations
  • No Rise Flood Analysis
  • Dam Design
  • Repairs & Safety Assessments
  • Hydraulic Analysis & Design
  • Hydraulic & Hydrology Training Courses

3D CFD Modeling

Kleinschmidt uses FLOW-3D, one of the most popular and trusted computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling software packages among consultants, to analyze challenging three-dimensional (3D) problems. Modeling in 3D is the most complex type of hydraulic modeling, and it is a valuable tool that Kleinschmidt uses to provide detailed data to understand problems and to inform design. Kleinschmidt has used 3D modeling to evaluate fish passage hydraulics, spillway design, gate design, and bridge hydraulics. We are able to use the post-processing capabilities of FLOW-3D to generate compelling figures and animations that communicate information to stakeholders and regulators in ways that other models cannot.

Click below to view examples:

Jet Gate – 2 Fluids Velocity
Jet Gate – 1 Fluid Raytracing
Bridge Geometry Modifications Particles

3D CFD Modeling Services Include:
  • Hydraulic Design
  • Hydro Engineering Analysis
  • Conventional Fish Passage
  • Nature-Like Fish Passage
  • Spillway Design
  • Air-Water Flow Interactions

Statistics and Modeling

Our statistics and data science team have a broad range of experience with statistical and modeling methods that allows us to customize efficient, effective methods for every quantitative objective. We are scientists with contextual experience in environmental and hydropower-related fields who focus on analytical methods for getting the most out of your data. We are expert coders in R and Python for repeatable verified process control. We provide a comprehensive portrayal of uncertainties in estimates and predictions, whether due to climate change, environmental stochasticity, or lack of complete information.

Statistics and Modeling Services Include:
  • Statistical Study Design
  • Estimatiom
  • and Data Analysis
  • Statitstical Models
  • Individual and Agent-based Models
  • Habitat Suitability Analysis
  • Entrainment and Fish Passage Modeling
  • Fish Population/Life-cycle Modeling
  • Risk Assessment and Decision Support
  • Analytical Programming and Software Development
  • Climate Change Uncertainty Assessments

GIS Mapping and Cartography

Kleinschmidt’s GIS team uses state-of-the-art production mapping techniques to identify efficiencies when drawing complicated technical map sets using both ESRI ArcGIS Pro 2.x and ArcMap 10.x. While producing maps, Kleinschmidt’s analysts adhere to cartographic design principles so that we always produce crisp, clean, and professional mapping products for our clients.

GIS Mapping and Cartography Services Include:
  • Inundation Mapping
  • Agency Regulated Maps
  • Habitat and Natural Resource Mapping
  • Presentation Maps/Images

GIS Analysis and Data Science

Kleinschmidt’s GIS team uses state-of-the-art production mapping techniques to identify efficiencies when drawing complicated technical map sets using both ESRI ArcGIS Pro 2.x and ArcMap 10.x. While producing maps, Kleinschmidt’s analysts adhere to cartographic design principles so that we always produce crisp, clean, and professional mapping products for our clients.

Projects often require spatial data analysis beyond a simple map and overlay. Our GIS specialists routinely analyze complex spatial data in ArcGIS Pro 2.x, ArcMap 10.x, to provide our clients with actionable intelligence ranging across a diverse multidisciplinary landscape.

GIS Analysis and Data Science Services Include:
  • Mapping and Cartography
  • Geodatabase Design
  • Spatial Analysis
  • Surface Modeling
  • Location/Allocation Modeling
  • Remote Sensing Data Capture and Image Analysis
  • Online and Mobile Application Development

Remote Sensing

With the advent of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and smaller, lighter, and less costly imagery sensors, remotely sensed data has become ubiquitous. The use of this data for natural resources mapping and as a source of input data for environmental process modeling and landscape ecology applications will transform environmental management in the 21st century.

Kleinschmidt’s remote sensing team has the capability to incorporate data from a number of sensors, extract useful information, and deliver powerful insights with state-of-the-art software and analytical methods. Our remote sensing projects have saved our clients time and money as expensive, large team surveys are no longer required to assess the same area.

Remote Sensing Services Include:
  • Remote Sensing Data Capture
  • UAV-based Aerial Photography
  • Digital Elevation Model and Digital Terrain Model creation
  • Vegetative Cover Analysis
  • Invasive Species Analysis
  • Infrastructure Inspection
  • Water Quality Monitoring
  • Land Use/Land Cover Analysis
  • Photographs/ Videos
  • Photogrammetry
  • Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Survey and Analysis

Data Management

Successful data analysis projects are founded on robust data management solutions. Kleinschmidt’s data professionals design solutions to store, query and manage large data collections for science and engineering projects. In today’s world, data drives decisions. Kleinschmidt’s practices ensure annotated high-quality, bias-free, accessible data products. We view data management as fundamental to delivering quality products to our clients.

Data Management Services Include:
  • Data Management System Design and Maintenance
  • Flexible Solutions using SQLite
  • PostgresSQL
  • MSAccess
  • HDF5
  • NetCDF
  • and more

Climate Change Analysis

The effects of more frequent episodes of extreme weather, changes in water resource availability, and climate variability on infrastructure, municipalities, ecosystems, wildlife, fisheries and human well-being have become apparent, particularly over the past decade. We can no longer focus solely on the effects of projects on the environment—whether the project is the construction of an energy production facility or development of a habitat restoration enhancement— but we must consider the effects of a changing environment on developments, cities, structures, watersheds, and terrestrial and aquatic habitats.

Our scientists, engineers, and planners can help you assess risks and potential vulnerabilities in your project in the context of climate change, identify and evaluate alternatives, and design sustainable solutions to maintain the efficiency and longevity of your project. We have the experience to develop adaptive plans and strategies to minimize risk in response to new challenges that arise as the environment around us continues to change.

Climate Change Analysis Services Include:
  • Project Operation Change
  • Hydrology Analysis